Main Article Content
Adsorption isotherm and thermodynamic profile of hexavalent chromium onto lumbang (Aleurites moluccana) activated carbon chitosan composite crosslinked with epichlorohydrin were studied. The optimum conditions were identified at pH 3, contact time of 75 min, adsorbent dose of 3 g/L, initial concentration of 60 ppm, and 30ºC temperature resulted to a removal efficiency of 93%. The composite has a round and elliptical adsorption sites, contains –OH and –NH2 functional groups, and has increased stability with epichlorohydrin crosslinking. The adsorption process is best characterized by the Langmuir isotherm suggesting a monolayer adsorption nature of Cr(VI). The adsorption kinetics obeyed the pseudo-second order model and the adsorption process is exothermic. The investigated adsorption phenomenon described a chemisorption process, with 21.32 kJ mol-1 mean free energy, due to the functional groups identified and the high porosity of the adsorbent surfaces.