Adsorption Isotherm and Thermodynamic Profile of Hexavalent Chromium onto Lumbang (Aleurites moluccana) Activated Carbon Chitosan Composite Crosslinked with Epichlorohydrin

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Nelson R. Villarante
Angelo Patrick R. Bautista
Derick Erl P. Sumalapao

Abstract

Adsorption isotherm and thermodynamic profile of hexavalent chromium onto lumbang (Aleurites moluccana) activated carbon chitosan composite crosslinked with epichlorohydrin were studied. The optimum conditions were identified at pH 3, contact time of 75 min, adsorbent dose of 3 g/L, initial concentration of 60 ppm, and 30ºC temperature resulted to a removal efficiency of 93%. The composite has a round and elliptical adsorption sites, contains –OH and –NH2 functional groups, and has increased stability with epichlorohydrin crosslinking. The adsorption process is best characterized by the Langmuir isotherm suggesting a monolayer adsorption nature of Cr(VI). The adsorption kinetics obeyed the pseudo-second order model and the adsorption process is exothermic. The investigated adsorption phenomenon described a chemisorption process, with 21.32 kJ mol-1 mean free energy, due to the functional groups identified and the high porosity of the adsorbent surfaces.

Keywords:
Adsorption isotherm, thermodynamics, carbon chitosan composite, chromium, lumbang, Aleurites moluccana.

Article Details

How to Cite
R. Villarante, N., R. Bautista, A., & P. Sumalapao, D. (2018). Adsorption Isotherm and Thermodynamic Profile of Hexavalent Chromium onto Lumbang (Aleurites moluccana) Activated Carbon Chitosan Composite Crosslinked with Epichlorohydrin. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 22(5), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARRB/2018/38998
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Original Research Article