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Ameloblastoma is a very rare odontogenic tumor of the oral cavity, with different histological variants. One of the types of ameloblastoma is desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) which has 4-5% of incidence. Here we review and reported the desmoplastic ameloblastoma is the least of occurrence of all the variants of ameloblastoma. The uniqueness of this lesion can be further enlightened with respect to its site of occurrence, the radiographic feature and the histological appearance different from the classical type of ameloblastoma. This case report focuses on a DA that occurred in the maxilla of 25-year-old women and explains about clinical, CT scan, histopathological finding, and treatment plan. The patient is undergoing routine follow-up and is presently free of disease.
From this case, the clinicians should remember to consider the desmoplastic ameloblastoma as differential diagnosis, if a patient complaint of swelling in and around the premolar region of the maxilla.